Übersetzung im Kontext von „nature and nurture“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: We come back to the dialectic of nature and nurture. Übersetzung für 'nurture' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung für 'nurture' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "nurture"Übersetzung im Kontext von „nature and nurture“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: We come back to the dialectic of nature and nurture. Lead Nurturing (eng. to nurture = erziehen, fördern, pflegen) umfasst alle Maßnahmen, die ein Unternehmen ergreift, um einen Interessenten zum richtigen. [1, 2] LEO Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „nurture“.
Nurture Deutsch Search form VideoEpigenetics: Nature vs nurture Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "nurture" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für nurture im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. The nature versus nurture debate involves whether human behavior is determined by the environment, either prenatal or during a person's life, or by a person's libragoa.com alliterative expression "nature and nurture" in English has been in use since at least the Elizabethan period and goes back to medieval French.. The complementary combination of the two concepts is an ancient concept (Greek.
SchlieГlich wartet dann auch noch ein 75 Nurture Deutsch von bis zu 100 Euro. - NavigationsmenüDie Partner von eineiigen Zwillingen wiesen ebenfalls positive Korrelationen auf, was die Vorstellung verfestigt, dass Durchgehen Englisch die Natur als auch die Ernährung die Genvielfalt des Darmmikrobioms beeinflussen können.
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Norwegisch Wörterbücher. Persisch Wörterbücher. When traits are determined by a complex interaction of genotype and environment it is possible to measure the heritability of a trait within a population.
However, many non-scientists who encounter a report of a trait having a certain percentage heritability imagine non-interactional, additive contributions of genes and environment to the trait.
As an analogy, some laypeople may think of the degree of a trait being made up of two "buckets," genes and environment, each able to hold a certain capacity of the trait.
But even for intermediate heritabilities, a trait is always shaped by both genetic dispositions and the environments in which people develop, merely with greater and lesser plasticities associated with these heritability measures.
Heritability measures always refer to the degree of variation between individuals in a population. That is, as these statistics cannot be applied at the level of the individual, it would be incorrect to say that while the heritability index of personality is about 0.
To help to understand this, imagine that all humans were genetic clones. The heritability index for all traits would be zero all variability between clonal individuals must be due to environmental factors.
And, contrary to erroneous interpretations of the heritability index, as societies become more egalitarian everyone has more similar experiences the heritability index goes up as environments become more similar, variability between individuals is due more to genetic factors.
One should also take into account the fact that the variables of heritability and environmentality are not precise and vary within a chosen population and across cultures.
It would be more accurate to state that the degree of heritability and environmentality is measured in its reference to a particular phenotype in a chosen group of a population in a given period of time.
The accuracy of the calculations is further hindered by the number of coefficients taken into consideration, age being one such variable.
The display of the influence of heritability and environmentality differs drastically across age groups: the older the studied age is, the more noticeable the heritability factor becomes, the younger the test subjects are, the more likely it is to show signs of strong influence of the environmental factors.
A study conducted by T. Bouchard, Jr. The results shown have been important evidence against the importance of environment when determining, happiness, for example.
In the Minnesota study of twins reared apart, it was actually found that there was higher correlation for monozygotic twins reared apart 0.
Also, highlighting the importance of genes, these correlations found much higher correlation among monozygotic than dizygotic twins that had a correlation of 0.
Some have pointed out that environmental inputs affect the expression of genes. Traits may be considered to be adaptations such as the umbilical cord , byproducts of adaptations the belly button or due to random variation convex or concave belly button shape.
For example, the rewarding sweet taste of sugar and the pain of bodily injury are obligate psychological adaptations—typical environmental variability during development does not much affect their operation.
On the other hand, facultative adaptations are somewhat like "if-then" statements. The attachment style of adults, for example, a "secure attachment style," the propensity to develop close, trusting bonds with others is proposed to be conditional on whether an individual's early childhood caregivers could be trusted to provide reliable assistance and attention.
An example of a facultative physiological adaptation is tanning of skin on exposure to sunlight to prevent skin damage.
Facultative social adaptation have also been proposed. For example, whether a society is warlike or peaceful has been proposed to be conditional on how much collective threat that society is experiencing .
Quantitative studies of heritable traits throw light on the question. Developmental genetic analysis examines the effects of genes over the course of a human lifespan.
Subsequent developmental genetic analyses found that variance attributable to additive environmental effects is less apparent in older individuals, with estimated heritability of IQ increasing in adulthood.
Multivariate genetic analysis examines the genetic contribution to several traits that vary together. For example, multivariate genetic analysis has demonstrated that the genetic determinants of all specific cognitive abilities e.
Similarly, multivariate genetic analysis has found that genes that affect scholastic achievement completely overlap with the genes that affect cognitive ability.
Extremes analysis examines the link between normal and pathological traits. For example, it is hypothesized that a given behavioral disorder may represent an extreme of a continuous distribution of a normal behavior and hence an extreme of a continuous distribution of genetic and environmental variation.
Depression, phobias, and reading disabilities have been examined in this context. For a few highly heritable traits, studies have identified loci associated with variance in that trait, for instance in some individuals with schizophrenia.
Evidence from behavioral genetic research suggests that family environmental factors may have an effect upon childhood IQ , accounting for up to a quarter of the variance.
The American Psychological Association 's report " Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns " states that there is no doubt that normal child development requires a certain minimum level of responsible care.
Here, environment is playing a role in what is believed to be fully genetic intelligence but it was found that severely deprived, neglectful, or abusive environments have highly negative effects on many aspects of children's intellect development.
Beyond that minimum, however, the role of family experience is in serious dispute. On the other hand, by late adolescence this correlation disappears, such that adoptive siblings no longer have similar IQ scores.
Moreover, adoption studies indicate that, by adulthood, adoptive siblings are no more similar in IQ than strangers IQ correlation near zero , while full siblings show an IQ correlation of 0.
Twin studies reinforce this pattern: monozygotic identical twins raised separately are highly similar in IQ 0. Personality is a frequently cited example of a heritable trait that has been studied in twins and adoptees using behavioral genetic study designs.
The close genetic relationship between positive personality traits and, for example, our happiness traits are the mirror images of comorbidity in psychopathology.
These personality factors were consistent across cultures, and many studies have also tested the heritability of these traits.
Identical twins reared apart are far more similar in personality than randomly selected pairs of people. Likewise, identical twins are more similar than fraternal twins.
Also, biological siblings are more similar in personality than adoptive siblings. Each observation suggests that personality is heritable to a certain extent.
Adoption studies also directly measure the strength of shared family effects. Adopted siblings share only family environment.
Most adoption studies indicate that by adulthood the personalities of adopted siblings are little or no more similar than random pairs of strangers.
This would mean that shared family effects on personality are zero by adulthood. In the case of personality traits, non-shared environmental effects are often found to out-weigh shared environmental effects.
That is, environmental effects that are typically thought to be life-shaping such as family life may have less of an impact than non-shared effects, which are harder to identify.
One possible source of non-shared effects is the environment of pre-natal development. Random variations in the genetic program of development may be a substantial source of non-shared environment.
These results suggest that "nurture" may not be the predominant factor in "environment". Environment and our situations, do in fact impact our lives, but not the way in which we would typically react to these environmental factors.
We are preset with personality traits that are the basis for how we would react to situations. An example would be how extraverted prisoners become less happy than introverted prisoners and would react to their incarceration more negatively due to their preset extraverted personality.
When fraternal twins are reared apart, they show the same similarities in behavior and response as if they have been reared together. There has been found to be a stable set point for happiness that is characteristic of the individual largely determined by the individual's genes.
Happiness fluctuates around that setpoint again, genetically determined based on whether good things or bad things are happening to us "nurture" , but only fluctuates in small magnitude in a normal human.
The midpoint of these fluctuations is determined by the "great genetic lottery" that people are born with, which leads them to conclude that how happy they may feel at the moment or over time is simply due to the luck of the draw, or gene.
They consider that the individualities measured together with personality tests remain steady throughout an individual's lifespan.
They further believe that human beings may refine their forms or personality but can never change them entirely.
Darwin's Theory of Evolution steered naturalists such as George Williams and William Hamilton to the concept of personality evolution.
They suggested that physical organs and also personality is a product of natural selection. With the advent of genomic sequencing , it has become possible to search for and identify specific gene polymorphisms that affect traits such as IQ and personality.
These techniques work by tracking the association of differences in a trait of interest with differences in specific molecular markers or functional variants.
An example of a visible human trait for which the precise genetic basis of differences are relatively well known is eye color. In contrast to views developed in s that gender identity is primarily learned which led to policy-based surgical sex changed in children such as David Reimer , genomics has provided solid evidence that both sex and gender identities are primarily influenced by genes:.
It is now clear that genes are vastly more influential than virtually any other force in shaping sex identity and gender identity…[T]he growing consensus in medicine is that…children should be assigned to their chromosomal i.
In their attempts to locate the genes responsible for configuring certain phenotypes, researches resort to two different techniques.
Linkage study facilitates the process of determining a specific location in which a gene of interest is located. This methodology is applied only among individuals that are related and does not serve to pinpoint specific genes.
It does, however, narrow down the area of search, making it easier to locate one or several genes in the genome which constitute a specific trait.
Association studies, on the other hand, are more hypothetic and seek to verify whether a particular genetic variable really influences the phenotype of interest.
In association studies it is more common to use case-control approach, comparing the subject with relatively higher or lower hereditary determinants with the control subject.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Porter Robinson album, see Nurture album. Debate regarding biology vs. See also: Social determinism.
Main article: Heritability. Main article: Gene—environment interaction. In the English-Chinese dictionary you will find more translations. NL voeden verzorgen opvoeden grootbrengen.
NL koestering. More information. Het is ook denken over de creatieve geest, en die voeden. Het gaat er nu om dit tere plantje goed te verzorgen op de Conferentie van Buenos Aires in december.
Ik ben een voorbeeld van wat mogelijk is als meisjes van bij de start van hun leven geliefd en verzorgd worden door mensen rondom hen.
American English. Context sentences Context sentences for "to nurture" in Dutch These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate.
English As we nurture the natural environment, its abundance will give us back even more. English On this side of the House, we nurture no sympathy for the Baghdad dictator.
English And that includes nature, and nurture , and what I refer to as nightmares.